Park of American Fraternity or Parque de la Fraternidad is one of those historic sites in Havana, Cuba which is hidden in plain sight. Even though located in a bustling part of the city, you won’t see many locals and tourists stopping by to take note of the busts of the Latin American heroes and Liberators.
This Park was marshy land covered by mangrove, that by the end of the 18th century was transformed into a camp, Campo de Marte, for military maneuvers.
The Parque de la Fraternidad, as it is known today, is surrounded by El Capitolio, El Palacio de Aldama, the Fountain of the Indian Woman and the entrance to Havana Chinatown, now being reconstructed with help the Chinese Government.
In this green space you would also find many Ceiba and Royal Palm trees.
In this blog, I display some photos of the many busts scattered around the Park.
Juan Pablo Duarte was a Dominican writer, activist, poet, militar and liberal politician who was one of the “founding fathers” of the Dominican Republic.
Alexandre Sabès Pétion was the first President of the Republic of Haiti from 1807 until his death in 1818. He is one of Haiti’s founding fathers, together with Toussaint L’ouverture, Jean-Jacques Dessalines, and his rival Henri Christophe.
François-Dominique Toussaint Louverture also known as Toussaint L’Ouverture or Toussaint Bréda, was the best-known leader of the Haitian Revolution. He was a leader of the growing resistance. His military and political acumen saved the gains of the first Black insurrection in November 1791.
Bernardo O’Higgins Riquelme was a Chilean independence leader who freed Chile from Spanish rule in the Chilean War of Independence. He was a wealthy landowner of Spanish and Irish ancestry.
José Gervasio Artigas Arnal was a national hero of Uruguay, sometimes called “the father of Uruguayan nationhood”
Leoncio Prado Gutiérrez was a Peruvian mariner. He was born in Huánuco, the son of president Mariano Ignacio Prado. His brother Manuel Prado Ugarteche was two times President of Peru. Leoncio Prado died in the Battle of Huamachuco, in the course of the War of the Pacific.
Francisco Morazán was a Central American politician who was president of the Federal Republic of Central America from 1830 to 1839. Before he was president of Central America he was the head of state of Honduras. He rose to prominence at the battle of La Trinidad on November 11, 1827.
Jose Francisco de San Martín y Matorras (Yapeyú, Viceroyalty of the Rio de la Plata, 25 February 1778 – Boulogne-sur-Mer, France, 17 August 1850), known simply as José de San Martín or El Libertador of Argentina, Chile and Peru, was a Spanish-Argentine general and the prime leader of the southern and central parts of South America’s successful struggle for independence from the Spanish Empire who served as the Protector of Peru. Born in Yapeyú, Corrientes, in modern-day Argentina, he left his mother country at the early age of seven to study in Málaga, Spain.
Jose Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia y Velasco was a Paraguayan lawyer and politician, and the first dictator of Paraguay following its independence from the Spanish Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata. His official title was “Supreme and Perpetual Dictator of Paraguay“, but he was popularly known as El Supremo.
Emeterio Betances y Alacán was a Puerto Rican independence advocate and Medical doctor. He was the primary instigator of the Grito de Lares revolution and is considered to be the father of the Puerto Rican independence movement.
Joaquin José da Silva Xavier, known as Tiradentes, was a leading member of the Brazilian revolutionary movement known as Inconfidência Mineira, whose aim was full independence from Portuguese colonial power and creation of a Brazilian republic.
José Bonifácio de Andrada e Silva was a Brazilian statesman, naturalist, professor and poet, born in Santos, São Paulo, then part of the Portuguese Empire. He was one of the most important mentors of Brazilian independence, and his actions were decisive for the success of Emperor Pedro.
Jose Protasio Rizal Mercado y Realonda was a Filipino nationalist and polymath during the tail end of the Spanish colonial period of the Philippines 🇵🇭
Simon José Antonio de la Santísima Trinidad Bolívar, July 1783 – 17 December 1830), generally known as Simón Bolívar and also colloquially as El Libertador, or the Liberator, was a Venezuelan military and political leader who led the secession of what are currently the states of Venezuela, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Panama from the Spanish Empire.
Benito Juarez was a Mexican lawyer and president of Mexico 🇲🇽 from Oaxaca. He was of poor, rural, indigenous origins but he became a well educated urban professional and politician, who married a socially prominently woman of Oaxaca City. He identified primarily as a Liberal.
As I always say , don’t be satisfied with what other people write about travel destinations, whenever you can, please go and see and discover for yourself.
What sort of traveler are you? Adventurous? History Buff? Foodie? Rest and Relax?
Photos were taken with an iPad and the frames were done using PS Express app. Most of the historical narrative were sourced from Wikipedia.
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